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Did you know that there are two different types of Dysautonomia?

Primary Dysautonomia is usually inherited or due to a degenerative disease

Secondary Dysautonomia is the result of another condition or injury.

If you don’t see your condition listed, schedule a complimentary consultation with our Patient Care Coordinator to discuss how we can help.

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Types of Dysautonomia We See

Post Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection you get from the bite of an infected tick. Lyme disease can be hard to diagnose because many of its symptoms are like those of the flu and other diseases. And you may not have noticed a tick bite and lab tests may not always give a clear answer until you have been infected for at least a few weeks. Lyme disease can be hard to diagnose because many of its symptoms are like those of the flu and other diseases.

Although most cases of Lyme disease can be cured with a 2- to 4-week course of oral antibiotics, patients can sometimes develop Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS) and have symptoms of pain, fatigue, or difficulty thinking that linger for more than 6 months after they finish treatment.

SYMPTOMS: The first symptom is usually a red rash, which may look like a bull’s eye. But not all people with Lyme disease have a rash. As the infection spreads to other parts of the body, you may have a fever, headache, Body aches, A stiff neck


Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition that affects circulation (blood flow). POTS is a form of orthostatic intolerance, the development of symptoms that come on when standing up from a reclining position, and that may be relieved by sitting or lying back down. The cause of POTS is poorly understood. However, episodes often begin after a pregnancy, major surgery, brain trauma, or a viral illness.


SYMPTOMS: lightheadedness, fainting, tachycardia, chest pains, shortness of breath, GI upset, shaking, exercise intolerance, temperature sensitivity and more.


Often times chronic migraine sufferers are also suffering from Dysautonomia. A migraine headache is a type of headache that tends to recur in an individual and causes moderate to severe pain. The pain is often described as throbbing or pulsing and usually begins on one side of the head. Migraine headaches are worsened by physical activity, light, sound, or physical movement. The pain typically last from 4 hours up to 3 days. 


SYMPTOMS: Sensitivity to light, sound and even smell. He or she may also experience nausea and/or vomiting.

Chiari Malformation 

Chiari malformation is a condition in which brain tissue extends into your spinal canal. It occurs when part of your skull is abnormally small or misshapen, pressing on your brain and forcing it downward.

There are four types of Chiari malformations:

Type I. The most commonly observed type in children. In this type, the lower part of the cerebellum — but not the brain stem — extends into an opening at the base of the skull. Normally, only the spinal cord passes through this opening. Type I is the only type of Chiari malformation that can be acquired.


Type II. Also known as “classic” Chiari malformation or Arnold-Chiari malformation. This is usually only seen in children born with spina bifida. In type II Chiari malformation, both the cerebellum and the brain stem extend into the foramen magnum.


Type III. The most serious and rare form of Chiari malformation. It involves the protrusion or herniation of the cerebellum and brain stem through the foramen magnum and into the spinal cord. This usually causes severe neurological defects.


Type IV. This involves an incomplete or underdeveloped cerebellum. It sometimes is associated with exposed parts of the skull and spinal cord. Type IV is a rare type.

SYMPTOMS: neck pain, hearing or balance problems,muscle weakness or numbness, dizziness, difficulty swallowing or speaking, vomiting, ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus), curvature of the spine (scoliosis), insomnia, depression, problems with hand coordination and fine motor skills.


Virtual Reality

Virtual Reality technology is not just for entertainment; it also has a place in neuro-recovery as a diagnostic assessment and as a therapeutic tool for Dysautonomia.

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Patient Testimonials

"Just get here as soon as you can, it's a little overwhelming just thinking about trying something new. But Doctor Sass never dismissed any of my symptoms, like other doctors have done in the past.

Heather / Fargo ND

Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol How are you different from other places?
When you trust your brain to the team at The Functional Neurology Center, we take the time to get to know the whole you so we can personalize your treatment program for your unique and complex condition. Based on your individual condition and needs, you’ll work one on one with a small dedicated team of Doctors, working together for the full treatment period. Our Personalized Neuro-Recovery Programs range from a single Discovery Day or up to a full Week Intensive program
Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol Are you able to handle complex cases?
Yes! Many of the patients we see are referred to us by other providers from various fields in healthcare.
Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol What if I’ve already seen multiple other providers and am making improvements but would like to see more?
Many of the patients we see are complex cases and have seen multiple other providers with some or limited results. If you would like to continue your recovery at a more accelerated rate, consider a Weekly Intensive.

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