Phone icon 612-223-8590
Envelope icon

Vestibular Disorders are the results of disease or injuries damaging these processing areas, and can also result from or be worsened by genetic or environmental conditions, or occur for unknown reasons.

We work with a wide variety of Vestibular Disorders; if you don’t see your condition listed don’t lose hope. Contact us to talk through your condition and symptoms with a Patient Care Coordinator.

Contact Us

Types of Vestibular Disorders We See

Functional (psychogenic) Dizziness

Functional and psychiatric disorders that cause vestibular symptoms (i.e., vertigo, unsteadiness, and dizziness) are common. They are more common than many well-known structural vestibular disorders. The pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying functional and psychiatric causes of vestibular symptoms are better understood than many people realize. Your personalized recovery plans may include patient education, vestibular rehabilitation, cognitive and behavioral therapies. 

SYMPTOMS: Chronic Dizziness


Vertigo is a sensation of spinning dizziness. It is not, as many people maintain, a fear of heights. It is often associated with looking down from a great height but can refer to any temporary or ongoing spells of dizziness caused by problems in the inner ear or brain. Vertigo is commonly caused by a problem with the way balance works in the inner ear, although it can also be caused by problems in certain parts of the brain. Causes of vertigo may include: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – where specific head movements trigger vertigo. Migraines – severe headaches.


SYMPTOMS: temporary or ongoing spells of dizziness, migraines, severe headaches 

Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness - PPPD

Persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a chronic functional disorder of the nervous system, characterized by non-spinning vertigo and perceived unsteadiness. PPPD is precipitated by episodes of vertigo or unsteadiness of vestibular, neurological or psychiatric origin.  The pathophysiologic processes underlying PPPD are not fully known. Emerging research suggests that it may arise from functional changes in postural control mechanisms, multi-sensory information processing, or cortical integration of spatial orientation and threat assessment. Thus, PPPD is classified as a chronic functional vestibular disorder.


SYMPTOMS: Persistent sensations of rocking or swaying unsteadiness or dizziness without vertigo lasting three months or more; most patients have daily symptoms.

Central / Peripheral Dizziness

Dizziness can come from many sources. Therefore, one of the goals of your Diagnostic Assessment []  is to start to decipher the causes of your dizziness. One of the distinctions that may need to be made is if the dizziness you’re experiencing is coming from the peripheral vestibular system (the labyrinth of the inner ear, and the pathways/nerves connecting to the brainstem) or the central vestibular system (the brain and brainstem). Being able to find the vestibular system involved is key in helping your doctors design your Personalized Neuro-Recovery Program].

SYMPTOMS: Unfortunately, not all people present with a clearly defined central or peripheral cause of their symptoms. While some people will have a dominant group of symptoms that will be more closely tied to peripheral or central origin, there will be those who have a full mix of the two groups.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo - BPPV

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common causes of vertigo — the sudden sensation that you’re spinning or that the inside of your head is spinning.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo causes brief episodes of mild to intense dizziness. Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo can be a bothersome problem, it’s rarely serious except when it increases the chance of falls.


SYMPTOMS: Usually triggered by specific changes in the position of your head. BPPV might occur when you tip your head up or down, when you lie down, or when you turn over or sit up in bed.

Mal de Debarquement Syndrome - MdDS

Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS) is a movement disorder, occurring predominantly in women, is most often induced by passive transport on water or in the air (classic MdDS), or can occur spontaneously. MdDS likely originates in the vestibular system and is unfamiliar to many physicians. Your team of Doctors at The FNC are familiar with MdDS and have a history of working with patients with this condition.


SYMPTOMS: Rocking sensation. Difficulty concentrating. Swaying. Bouncing/Shimmering Vision. Rolling sensation. Sensitivity to light or sound. Lurching. Nausea.

Vestibular Migraine

A vestibular migraine is a nervous system problem that causes repeated dizziness (or vertigo) in people who have a history of migraine symptoms. Unlike traditional migraines, you may not always have a headache. There are many names for this type of problem.

SYMPTOMS: feeling imbalanced. Motion sickness caused by moving your head. Dizziness from looking at moving objects such as cars or people walking. Lightheadedness. Feeling like you’re rocking on a boat. Nausea and vomiting as a result of the other symptoms.

Cervicogenic Dizziness

Cervical vertigo, or cervicogenic dizziness, is a neck-related sensation in which a person feels like either they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning. Poor neck posture, neck disorders, or trauma to the cervical spine causes this condition. Cervicogenic dizziness will usually resolve with rehabilitation of the neck problem but may require vestibular rehabilitation for complete resolution of symptoms. 

SYMPTOMS: Dizziness related to neck movement or turning the head. A sensation of spinning. Ear pain and tinnitus, or ear ringing. Visual disturbances while shaking the head. Nausea and vomiting. Neck Pain and dizziness.

High Tech Therapies

Virtual Reality

Virtual Reality technology is not just for entertainment; it also has a place in neuro-recovery as a diagnostic assessment and as a therapeutic tool for Dysautonomia.

Schedule a Complimentary Consultation

Patient Testimonials

"Just so comforting and calming. This is a great facility."

"We have been all over this nation at major medical facilities and they haven't been able to give us the answers that we got right here."

- Brenda / Iowa

"These people are so compassionate about their patients, they want you to be better and their goal is to make you better. They really care about you as a person!"

- Bailey

Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol What technologies do you use for improving vestibular dysfunction?
Gyrostim and other low tech vestibular rehabilitation techniques have been effective in improving vestibular dysfunction. Many patients we have seen have already done vestibular exercises with limited results. What makes us different is the way we thoughtfully combine therapies in your Personalized Neuro-Recovery Program. All therapies are tailored to your specific condition and based on the findings of your Neuro-Exam.
Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol Where are you located?
13911 Ridgedale Drive, Suite 490, Minnetonka, MN 55305
Subtraction symbol Subtraction symbol Do some patients need 2 weeks of intensive care to start?
Yes – in some more complex conditions we do recommend a ten-day intensive program.
See More Virtual Office Tour